Imagine a country without laws. No rules to follow, nothing will regulate social conduct and nothing will prohibit threatening or harm. Chaotic, isn’t it? Indeed, peace will never be achieve and criminals will be seen everywhere. Now, imagine our youngsters, what will be their future of having no laws? What will they become if they live in a country without any laws that regulate almost everything.
A body of law is created that relates to crime committed against the public by the public itself. It is called Criminal Law. Although it is not necessarily against the public as a whole, but rather against the interests of the public. A great example of this is murder, although there is a specific victim, murder in general is against the interest of the public.
Another term is used for criminal law which is use to determines whether the act is a criminal or not, it is called the Penal law. With this, a criminal act committed by a person and is found guilty is punishable by law depending on the court’s decision of course.
Often, there is misunderstanding as well as misapplication of criminal law and civil law. Civil law focused on private a dispute that usually involves two parties. A great example of which is a person who fails to honor the contract, where in parties involve in the crime are those people who commit against each other.
Once the person commits a criminal act and a complainant makes an accusation, that person can be prosecuted by the criminal justice system. A research of the situation will be conducted by the court-appointed public defender or any of the qualified criminal defense attorney. In the United States criminal justice system, all accused parties are considered innocent until proven guilty beyond reasonable doubt. The grand jury will then release a document called the complaint against the accuse. The constitution of the United States asks the grand jury to indict the case although each state has its own grand jury procedures.
Ignorance of the law is no excuse is an ancient legal doctrine.
“Ignorance of the law excuses no man; not that all men know the law; but because ’tis an excuse every man will plead, and no man can tell how to confute him.” John Selden (1584 – 1654)
To have a country a better place to live, one must make the criminal law prevail. With this, it will lessen the acts of violence and other crimes because criminals are aware that they will be punished.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7472617